Sustainable Tourism Background
Indonesia has adopted the 17 SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) launched by the United Nations in 2015. Three out of the 17 SDGs are related to the tourism sector. In the context of tourism, these goals include:
1. Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
“By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.”
2. Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
“Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.”
3. Goal 14: Life Below Water
“By 2030, increase the economic benefits to SIDs (Small Island Developing States) and LDCs (least developed countries) from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism.”
Sustainable Tourism Framework
The UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organization) defines Sustainable Tourism as:
“Tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment and host communities.”
The Ministry of Tourism Indonesia has implemented Sustainable Tourism through a program called Sustainable Tourism for Development (STDev), which prioritizes the following principles: People (Cultural Preservation for People and Visitors), Planet (Environmental Preservation), Prosperity (The Utilization of the Economy for Locals), and Management (The Management of Sustainable Tourism Destinations).
The above principles focus on:
- People: Observe the wishes and desires of tourists and how to involve them in sustainable tourism activities along with local residents.
- Planet: Maintain and manage the environment to ensure the sustainability of a tourism destination.
- Prosperity: Increase the economic value of a tourism destination and empower the community living in this destination.
- Management: A guide for stakeholders in the tourism industry that includes the aspects of safety, convenience and climate change mitigation.
These principles serve as a guideline. A more in-depth explanation of these principles is described in the Republic of Indonesia Minister of Tourism Regulation No. 14 Year 2016 on the Guideline for Sustainable Tourism Destination, which is based on the criteria made by the GSTC (The Global Sustainable Tourism Council) and has been acknowledged by the UNWTO. Click here to download the complete file.
By adhering to these principles and the motto “To Preserve is to Prosper”, Sustainable Tourism in Indonesia is expected to maintain and preserve the Indonesian culture and environment as well as provide many benefits to the nation and its people.
Sustainable Tourism Main Programs
1 | Sustainable Tourism Destination (STD)
Sustainable Tourism Destination (STD) is a program that applies the concept of sustainable tourism in destinations determined by the Ministry in collaboration with the local administrations of regencies and cities.
The STD program is currently focusing on the following regencies/ cities or areas:
1. Tanjung Lesung
2. Tanjung Kelayang
3. Danau Toba
4. Bromo Tengger Semeru
5. Kepulauan Seribu
10. Labuan Bajo
2 | Sustainable Tourism Observatory (STO)
The Sustainable Tourism Observatory is a collection of observatories that implement sustainable tourism. These observatories are located in tourism destinations that are the main focus of monitored locations. Universities have been appointed to each observatory to serve as the Monitoring Center for Sustainable Tourism Observatory (MCSTO).
There are currently 24 STOs that are registered at and acknowledged by the UNWTO. Five out of these 24 STOs are located in Indonesia as follows:
1. STO Sleman monitored by Gadjah Mada University
2. STO Pangandaran monitored by the Bandung Institute of Technology
3. STO Lombok Barat (Sesaot) monitored by the University of Mataram
4. STO Sanur monitored by Udayana University
5. STO Samosir (Pangururan) monitored by the University of North Sumatra
Indonesia is the second country in Asia Pacific after China that implements the STO program and is a member of the INSTO (International Network of Sustainable Tourism Observatories).
The Ministry of Tourism is also preparing 7 new STOs, which are:
1. STO Tanjung Lesung monitored by the University of Indonesia
2. STO Tanjung Kelayang monitored by the Bogor Agricultural University
3. STO Kepulauan Seribu monitored by Pancasila University
4. STO Bromo Tengger Semeru monitored by Airlangga University
5. STO Labuan Bajo monitored by the University of Flores
6. STO Morotai monitored by Khairun University
7. STO Wakatobi monitored by University of Halu Oleo
3 | Sustainable Tourism Certification (STC)
Sustainable Tourism Certification (STC) is a certification program for tourism destinations that have already implemented the concept of sustainable tourism. This program will be coordinated by the ISTC (Indonesia Sustainable Tourism Council).
Sustainable Tourism Annual Events
Indonesia Sustainable Tourism Awards (ISTA)
ISTA is an award held by the Ministry of Tourism Indonesia (MOT Indonesia) aimed at raising the awareness of tourism destination managers about the importance of building sustainable tourism.
In addition, this program is also a means to evaluate the qualifications of a destination in implementing the principles of sustainable tourism in Indonesia according to Minister of Tourism Regulation No. 14 Year 2016.
In 2018, 176 managers of tourism destinations from across the nation participated in ISTA 2018. This was a rise compared to the number of participants during the first ISTA in 2017, which only amounted to 96 tourism destinations.
The Ministry of Tourism Indonesia will then support ISTA’s winners to participate in international sustainable tourism award events, such as the ASEAN Sustainable Tourism Award (ASTA), and promote these destinations on the Ministry of Tourism’s Indonesian Sustainable Tourism website.
Indonesia Sustainable Tourism Photo Competition (ISTPC)
ISTPC is a photo competition aimed at promoting the concept of sustainable tourism to the people. Everyone, including Indonesians and foreigners living in Indonesia or overseas, is eligible to participate in the competition through social media. The photos should focus on the concept of Sustainable Tourism in tourist destinations across Indonesia. 265 participants from 20 countries participated in the ISTPC 2018.